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* [RFC] TUNING: document THP caveat for Linux users
@ 2016-11-29  0:00  7% Eric Wong
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 3+ results
From: Eric Wong @ 2016-11-29  0:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: unicorn-public

This probably applies to other kernels, too, but I'm most
familiar with Linux.
---
 It took me a while to get the wording below to this point.
 Maybe there's not enough detail for folks unfamiliar with
 how OSes work, or maybe there's too much and will be TL;DR-ed...

 TUNING | 20 +++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/TUNING b/TUNING
index 247090b..1f55228 100644
--- a/TUNING
+++ b/TUNING
@@ -72,10 +72,28 @@ See Unicorn::Configurator for details on the config file format.
   have them unbuffered (File#sync = true) or they are
   record(line)-buffered in userspace before any writes.
 
-== Kernel Parameters (Linux sysctl)
+== Kernel Parameters (Linux sysctl and sysfs)
 
 WARNING: Do not change system parameters unless you know what you're doing!
 
+* Transparent hugepages (THP) improves performance in many cases,
+  but can also increase memory use when relying on a
+  copy-on-write(CoW)-friendly GC (Ruby 2.0+) with "preload_app true".
+  CoW operates at the page level, so writing to a huge page would
+  trigger a 2 MB copy (x86-64), as opposed to a 4 KB copy on a
+  regular (non-huge) page.
+
+  Consider only allowing THP to be used when requested via the
+  madvise(2) syscall:
+
+	echo madvise >/sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled
+
+  Or disabling it system-wide, via "never".
+
+  n.b. "page" in this context only applies to the OS kernel,
+  Ruby GC implementations also use this term for the same concept
+  in a way that is agnostic to the OS.
+
 * net.core.rmem_max and net.core.wmem_max can increase the allowed
   size of :rcvbuf and :sndbuf respectively. This is mostly only useful
   for UNIX domain sockets which do not have auto-tuning buffer sizes.
-- 
EW

^ permalink raw reply	[relevance 7%]

* [ANN] unicorn 5.3.0.pre1 - Rack HTTP server for fast clients and Unix
@ 2017-03-24  0:28  4% Eric Wong
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 3+ results
From: Eric Wong @ 2017-03-24  0:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: ruby-talk, unicorn-public; +Cc: Jeremy Evans, Simon Eskildsen

unicorn is an HTTP server for Rack applications designed to only serve
fast clients on low-latency, high-bandwidth connections and take
advantage of features in Unix/Unix-like kernels.  Slow clients should
only be served by placing a reverse proxy capable of fully buffering
both the the request and response in between unicorn and slow clients.

* https://bogomips.org/unicorn/
* public list: unicorn-public@bogomips.org
* mail archives: https://bogomips.org/unicorn-public/
* git clone git://bogomips.org/unicorn.git
* https://bogomips.org/unicorn/NEWS.atom.xml
* nntp://news.public-inbox.org/inbox.comp.lang.ruby.unicorn

This is a pre-release RubyGem intended for testing.

Changes:

unicorn 5.3.0.pre1

A largish release with several new features.

Simon Eskildsen contributed heavily using TCP_INFO under Linux
to implement the (now 5 year old) check_client_connection feature:

  https://bogomips.org/unicorn/Unicorn/Configurator.html#method-i-check_client_connection
  https://bogomips.org/unicorn-public/?q=s:check_client_connection&d:..20170324&x=t

This also led to FreeBSD and OpenBSD portability improvements in
one of our dependencies, raindrops:

  https://bogomips.org/raindrops-public/20170323024829.GA5190@dcvr/T/#u

Jeremy Evans contributed several new features.  First he
implemented after_worker_exit to aid debugging:

  https://bogomips.org/unicorn/Unicorn/Configurator.html#method-i-after_worker_exit
  https://bogomips.org/unicorn-public/?q=s:after_worker_exit&d:..20170324&x=t#t

And then security-related features to isolate workers.  Workers
may now chroot to drop access to the master filesystem, and the
new after_worker_ready configuration hook now exists to aid with
chroot support in workers:

  https://bogomips.org/unicorn/Unicorn/Configurator.html#method-i-after_worker_ready
  https://bogomips.org/unicorn/Unicorn/Worker.html#method-i-user
  https://bogomips.org/unicorn-public/?q=s:after_worker_ready&d:..20170324&x=t#t
  https://bogomips.org/unicorn-public/?q=s:chroot&d:..20170324&x=t#t

Additionally, workers may run in a completely different VM space
(nullifying preload_app and any CoW savings) with the new
worker_exec option:

  https://bogomips.org/unicorn/Unicorn/Configurator.html#method-i-worker_exec
  https://bogomips.org/unicorn-public/?q=s:worker_exec&d:..20170324&x=t#t

There are also several improvements to FreeBSD and OpenBSD
support with the addition of these features.

34 changes since 5.2.0 (2016-10-31):

Eric Wong (27):
      drop rb_str_set_len compatibility replacement
      TUNING: document THP caveat for Linux users
      tee_input: simplify condition for IO#write
      remove response_start_sent
      http_request: freeze constant strings passed IO#write
      Revert "remove response_start_sent"
      t/t0012-reload-empty-config.sh: access ivars directly if needed
      t0011-active-unix-socket.sh: fix race condition in test
      new test for check_client_connection
      revert signature change to HttpServer#process_client
      support "struct tcp_info" on non-Linux and Ruby 2.2+
      unicorn_http: reduce rb_global_variable calls
      oob_gc: rely on opt_aref_with optimization on Ruby 2.2+
      http_request: reduce insn size for check_client_connection
      freebsd: avoid EINVAL when setting accept filter
      test-lib: expr(1) portability fix
      tests: keep disabled tests defined
      test_exec: SO_KEEPALIVE value only needs to be true
      doc: fix links to raindrops project
      http_request: support proposed Raindrops::TCP states on non-Linux
      ISSUES: expand on mail archive info + subscription disclaimer
      test_ccc: use a pipe to synchronize test
      doc: remove private email support address
      input: update documentation and hide internals.
      http_server: initialize @pid ivar
      gemspec: remove olddoc from build dependency
      doc: add version annotations for new features

Jeremy Evans (6):
      Add after_worker_exit configuration option
      Fix code example in after_worker_exit documentation
      Add support for chroot to Worker#user
      Add after_worker_ready configuration option
      Add worker_exec configuration option
      Don't pass a block for fork when forking workers

Simon Eskildsen (1):
      check_client_connection: use tcp state on linux

-- 
5.3.0 in a week, maybe?

^ permalink raw reply	[relevance 4%]

* [ANN] unicorn 5.3.0 - Rack HTTP server for fast clients and Unix
@ 2017-04-01  8:08  3% " Eric Wong
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 3+ results
From: Eric Wong @ 2017-04-01  8:08 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: ruby-talk, unicorn-public
  Cc: Jeremy Evans, Simon Eskildsen, Dylan Thacker-Smith

unicorn is an HTTP server for Rack applications designed to only serve
fast clients on low-latency, high-bandwidth connections and take
advantage of features in Unix/Unix-like kernels.  Slow clients should
only be served by placing a reverse proxy capable of fully buffering
both the the request and response in between unicorn and slow clients.

* https://bogomips.org/unicorn/
* public list: unicorn-public@bogomips.org
* mail archives: https://bogomips.org/unicorn-public/
* git clone git://bogomips.org/unicorn.git
* https://bogomips.org/unicorn/NEWS.atom.xml
* nntp://news.public-inbox.org/inbox.comp.lang.ruby.unicorn

Changes:

unicorn 5.3.0

A couple of portability fixes from Dylan Thacker-Smith and
Jeremy Evans since 5.3.0.pre1 over a week ago, but this looks
ready for a stable release, today.

When I started this over 8 years ago, I wondered if this would
just end up being an April Fools' joke.  Guess not.  I guess I
somehow tricked people into using a terribly marketed web server
that cannot talk directly to untrusted clients :x  Anyways,
unicorn won't be able to handle slow clients 8 years from now,
either, or 80 years from now.  And I vow never to learn to use
new-fangled things like epoll, kqueue, or threads :P

Anyways, this is a largish release with several new features,
and no backwards incompatibilities.

Simon Eskildsen contributed heavily using TCP_INFO under Linux
to implement the (now 5 year old) check_client_connection feature:

  https://bogomips.org/unicorn/Unicorn/Configurator.html#method-i-check_client_connection
  https://bogomips.org/unicorn-public/?q=s:check_client_connection&d:..20170401&x=t

This also led to FreeBSD and OpenBSD portability improvements in
one of our dependencies, raindrops:

   https://bogomips.org/raindrops-public/20170323024829.GA5190@dcvr/T/#u

Jeremy Evans contributed several new features.  First he
implemented after_worker_exit to aid debugging:

  https://bogomips.org/unicorn/Unicorn/Configurator.html#method-i-after_worker_exit
  https://bogomips.org/unicorn-public/?q=s:after_worker_exit&d:..20170401&x=t#t

And then security-related features to isolate workers.  Workers
may now chroot to drop access to the master filesystem, and the
new after_worker_ready configuration hook now exists to aid with
chroot support in workers:

  https://bogomips.org/unicorn/Unicorn/Configurator.html#method-i-after_worker_ready
  https://bogomips.org/unicorn/Unicorn/Worker.html#method-i-user
  https://bogomips.org/unicorn-public/?q=s:after_worker_ready&d:..20170401&x=t#t
  https://bogomips.org/unicorn-public/?q=s:chroot&d:..20170401&x=t#t

Additionally, workers may run in a completely different VM space
(nullifying preload_app and any CoW savings) with the new
worker_exec option:

  https://bogomips.org/unicorn/Unicorn/Configurator.html#method-i-worker_exec
  https://bogomips.org/unicorn-public/?q=s:worker_exec&d:..20170401&x=t#t

There are also several improvements to FreeBSD and OpenBSD
support with the addition of these features.

shortlog of changes since v5.2.0 (2016-10-31):

Dylan Thacker-Smith (1):
      Check for Socket::TCP_INFO constant before trying to get TCP_INFO

Eric Wong (30):
      drop rb_str_set_len compatibility replacement
      TUNING: document THP caveat for Linux users
      tee_input: simplify condition for IO#write
      remove response_start_sent
      http_request: freeze constant strings passed IO#write
      Revert "remove response_start_sent"
      t/t0012-reload-empty-config.sh: access ivars directly if needed
      t0011-active-unix-socket.sh: fix race condition in test
      new test for check_client_connection
      revert signature change to HttpServer#process_client
      support "struct tcp_info" on non-Linux and Ruby 2.2+
      unicorn_http: reduce rb_global_variable calls
      oob_gc: rely on opt_aref_with optimization on Ruby 2.2+
      http_request: reduce insn size for check_client_connection
      freebsd: avoid EINVAL when setting accept filter
      test-lib: expr(1) portability fix
      tests: keep disabled tests defined
      test_exec: SO_KEEPALIVE value only needs to be true
      doc: fix links to raindrops project
      http_request: support proposed Raindrops::TCP states on non-Linux
      ISSUES: expand on mail archive info + subscription disclaimer
      test_ccc: use a pipe to synchronize test
      doc: remove private email support address
      input: update documentation and hide internals.
      http_server: initialize @pid ivar
      gemspec: remove olddoc from build dependency
      doc: add version annotations for new features
      unicorn 5.3.0.pre1
      doc: note after_worker_exit is also 5.3.0+
      test_exec: SO_KEEPALIVE value only needs to be true (take #2)

Jeremy Evans (7):
      Add after_worker_exit configuration option
      Fix code example in after_worker_exit documentation
      Add support for chroot to Worker#user
      Add after_worker_ready configuration option
      Add worker_exec configuration option
      Don't pass a block for fork when forking workers
      Check for SocketError on first ccc attempt

Simon Eskildsen (1):
      check_client_connection: use tcp state on linux

-- 
Yes, this release is real despite the date.

^ permalink raw reply	[relevance 3%]

Results 1-3 of 3 | reverse results
2016-11-29  0:00  7% [RFC] TUNING: document THP caveat for Linux users Eric Wong
2017-03-24  0:28  4% [ANN] unicorn 5.3.0.pre1 - Rack HTTP server for fast clients and Unix Eric Wong
2017-04-01  8:08  3% [ANN] unicorn 5.3.0 " Eric Wong


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