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authorLin Jen-Shin <>2013-01-29 11:21:19 +0800
committerEric Wong <>2013-01-29 04:02:57 +0000
commitc43113e350aabb78c30ba64884328458db85c901 (patch)
parentfdd7c851e5664c1e629a904e21d147a9dfc950d7 (diff)
This would prevent Unicorn from adding default middleware,
as if RACK_ENV were always none. (not development nor deployment)

This should also be applied to `rainbows' and `zbatery' as well.

One of the reasons to add this is to avoid conflicting
RAILS_ENV and RACK_ENV. It would be helpful in the case
where a Rails application and Rack application are composed
together, while we want Rails app runs under development
and Rack app runs under none (if we don't want those default
middleware), and we don't really want to make RAILS_ENV
set to development and RACK_ENV to none because it might be
confusing. Note that Rails would also look into RACK_ENV.

Another reason for this is that only `rackup' would be
inserting those default middleware. Both `thin' and `puma'
would not do this, nor does which is
used in Sinatra.

So using this option would make it work differently from
`rackup' but somehow more similar to `thin' or `puma'.

Discussion thread on the mailing list:

Signed-off-by: Eric Wong <>
2 files changed, 7 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/bin/unicorn b/bin/unicorn
index 9962b58..01984f8 100755
--- a/bin/unicorn
+++ b/bin/unicorn
@@ -58,6 +58,11 @@ op ="", 24, '  ') do |opts|
     ENV["RACK_ENV"] = e
+  opts.on("-N", "--no-default-middleware",
+          "do not load middleware implied by RACK_ENV") do |e|
+    rackup_opts[:no_default_middleware] = true
+  end
   opts.on("-D", "--daemonize", "run daemonized in the background") do |d|
     rackup_opts[:daemonize] = !!d
diff --git a/lib/unicorn.rb b/lib/unicorn.rb
index d96ff91..f0ceffe 100644
--- a/lib/unicorn.rb
+++ b/lib/unicorn.rb
@@ -49,6 +49,8 @@ module Unicorn
       pp({ :inner_app => inner_app }) if $DEBUG
+      return inner_app if op[:no_default_middleware]
       # return value, matches rackup defaults based on env
       # Unicorn does not support persistent connections, but Rainbows!
       # and Zbatery both do.  Users accustomed to the Rack::Server default