yahns Ruby server user/dev discussion
 help / color / Atom feed
* [RFC] proxy_pass: document as public API
@ 2016-02-20  8:16 Eric Wong
  2016-02-20  8:37 ` Lin Jen-Shin (godfat)
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Eric Wong @ 2016-02-20  8:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: yahns-public

We've been using this for nearly a year to serve our own
list archives using (Apache (mpm_prefork) || Starman) and
Varnish-cache on: http://yhbt.net/yahns-public/
---
 Any thoughts?  So far I've resisted having a public API.
 On the other hand, the current state of ProxyPass being a
 Rack app using rack.hijack still has nasty limitations
 such as incompatibility with any existing middleware.
 Something simple such as access logs won't work well
 (e.g. Rack::CommonLogger or Clogger)

 On the other hand, it would be nice to have a mostly-Ruby
 alternative to nginx today...

 Any API or configuration directive publically documented for
 yahns should remain supported forever (or as long as underlying
 components such as Rack/Ruby/HTTP are), regardless of
 version changes.  There may be exceptions for directives marked
 as "experimental", but it's not the case, here.

 So I'm also considering a special configuration directive and
 making it independent of Rack.  In other words, something like:

	app(:proxy_pass) ...

 as opposed to (the currently-implemented):

	app(:rack) ...

 in yahns_config.5
 But that also requires writing more code to support...

 lib/yahns.rb            |  7 ++++-
 lib/yahns/proxy_pass.rb | 74 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 2 files changed, 75 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/lib/yahns.rb b/lib/yahns.rb
index 2be7930..a6b15d7 100644
--- a/lib/yahns.rb
+++ b/lib/yahns.rb
@@ -15,9 +15,14 @@
     Unicorn.__send__(:remove_const, sym) if Unicorn.const_defined?(sym)
 end
 
-# yahns exposes no user-visible API outside of the config file.
+# yahns exposes little user-visible API outside of the config file.
 # See http://yahns.yhbt.net/yahns_config.txt for the config documentation
 # and http://yahns.yhbt.net/ for the homepage.
+#
+# Currently, the only supported Ruby API provided by yahns is:
+#
+#   Yahns::ProxyPass
+#
 # Internals are subject to change.
 
 module Yahns
diff --git a/lib/yahns/proxy_pass.rb b/lib/yahns/proxy_pass.rb
index 511db02..d6df4a9 100644
--- a/lib/yahns/proxy_pass.rb
+++ b/lib/yahns/proxy_pass.rb
@@ -2,15 +2,57 @@
 # Copyright (C) 2013-2016 all contributors <yahns-public@yhbt.net>
 # License: GPL-3.0+ (https://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-3.0.txt)
 # frozen_string_literal: true
+
 require 'socket'
 require 'kgio'
 require 'kcar' # gem install kcar
 require 'rack/request'
-require 'timeout'
+require 'timeout' # only for Timeout::Error
 
 require_relative 'proxy_http_response'
 
-class Yahns::ProxyPass # :nodoc:
+# Yahns::ProxyPass is a Rack (hijack) application which allows yahns to
+# act as a fully-buffering reverse proxy to protect backend servers from
+# slow HTTP clients.
+#
+# Yahns::ProxyPass relies on the default behavior of yahns to implement
+# full input and output buffering.  Output buffering is lazy, meaning it
+# allows streaming output in the best case and will only buffer if the
+# client cannot keep up with the server.
+#
+# The goal of this reverse proxy is to act as a sponge on the same LAN
+# or host as the backend HTTP server incapable of handling slow clients.
+# Yahns::ProxyPass accomplishes this by handling all the slow I/O
+# internally within yahns itself to minimize time spent in the backend
+# HTTP server waiting on slow I/O.
+#
+# Examples of backend HTTP servers which benefit from having a
+# fully-buffering reverse proxy include:
+#
+# * Apache (mpm_prefork): http://httpd.apache.org/docs/current/mod/prefork.html
+# * Green Unicorn: http://gunicorn.org/
+# * Starman: http://search.cpan.org/dist/Starman/
+# * unicorn: http://unicorn.bogomips.org/
+#
+# However, Yahns::ProxyPass is compatible with any HTTP/1.x backends.
+# It will even benefit those which rely on heavier thread-per-client
+# designs such as Varnish <https://www.varnish-cache.org/> as
+# yahns supports infinitely-lived persistent connections.
+#
+# Unlike most Rack applications, Yahns::ProxyPass relies on rack.hijack
+# support from yahns and does not work outside of yahns.
+#
+# example usage in a rack config.ru file to proxy to a backend server
+# running on port 6081 over the loopback interface:
+#
+#     require 'yahns/proxy_pass'
+#     run Yahns::ProxyPass.new('http://127.0.0.1:6081')
+#
+# Yahns::ProxyPass is NOT currently a load-balancer.  It will only
+# route requests to one backend server.  However, the backend server
+# could be a load balancer itself; such as Varnish or
+# HAProxy <http://www.haproxy.org/>
+class Yahns::ProxyPass
   class ReqRes < Kgio::Socket # :nodoc:
     attr_writer :resbuf
     attr_accessor :proxy_trailers
@@ -176,7 +218,29 @@ def send_req_buf(buf)
     end
   end # class ReqRes
 
-  def initialize(dest, opts = {})
+  # +dest+ must be an HTTP URL with optional variables prefixed with '$'.
+  # +dest+ may refer to the path to a Unix domain socket in the form:
+  #
+  #     unix:/absolute/path/to/socket
+  #
+  # Variables which may be used in the +dest+ parameter include:
+  #
+  # - $url - the entire URL used to make the request
+  # - $path - the unescaped PATH_INFO of the HTTP request
+  # - $fullpath - $path with QUERY_STRING
+  # - $host - the hostname in the Host: header
+  #
+  # For Unix domain sockets, variables may be separated from the
+  # socket path via: ":/".  For example:
+  #
+  #     unix:/absolute/path/to/socket:/$host/$fullpath
+  #
+  # Currently :response_headers is the only +opts+ supported.
+  # :response_headers is a Hash containing a from => to mapping
+  # of response headers.  The special value of +:ignore+ indicates
+  # the header from the backend HTTP server will be ignored instead
+  # of being blindly passed on to the client.
+  def initialize(dest, opts = { response_headers: { 'Server' => :ignore } })
     case dest
     when %r{\Aunix:([^:]+)(?::(/.*))?\z}
       path = $2
@@ -197,7 +261,7 @@ def initialize(dest, opts = {})
     init_path_vars(path)
   end
 
-  def init_path_vars(path)
+  def init_path_vars(path) # :nodoc:
     path ||= '$fullpath'
     # methods from Rack::Request we want:
     allow = %w(fullpath host_with_port host port url path)
@@ -210,7 +274,7 @@ def init_path_vars(path)
     @path = path.gsub(%r{\A/(\$(?:fullpath|path))}, '\1')
   end
 
-  def call(env)
+  def call(env) # :nodoc:
     # 3-way handshake for TCP backends while we generate the request header
     rr = ReqRes.start(@sockaddr)
     c = env['rack.hijack'].call
-- 
EW

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC] proxy_pass: document as public API
  2016-02-20  8:16 [RFC] proxy_pass: document as public API Eric Wong
@ 2016-02-20  8:37 ` Lin Jen-Shin (godfat)
  2016-02-20  9:41   ` Eric Wong
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Lin Jen-Shin (godfat) @ 2016-02-20  8:37 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Eric Wong; +Cc: yahns-public

On Sat, Feb 20, 2016 at 4:16 PM, Eric Wong <e@80x24.org> wrote:
> We've been using this for nearly a year to serve our own
> list archives using (Apache (mpm_prefork) || Starman) and
> Varnish-cache on: http://yhbt.net/yahns-public/
> ---
>  Any thoughts?  So far I've resisted having a public API.
>  On the other hand, the current state of ProxyPass being a
>  Rack app using rack.hijack still has nasty limitations
>  such as incompatibility with any existing middleware.
>  Something simple such as access logs won't work well
>  (e.g. Rack::CommonLogger or Clogger)

My first impression was that why not put this in a separate
gem, say yahns-apps or so? I am not saying we should do
this, just curious why? Easier to maintain and distribute?

>  On the other hand, it would be nice to have a mostly-Ruby
>  alternative to nginx today...
[...]

I am even more curious to this. Nginx is pretty accessible already,
(perhaps not on Windows though?) and it would surely be more
performant than Ruby. Or is it because we might want to make it
not only a reverse proxy, extending it with Rack middleware?
If so, then we probably don't want this directive:

    app(:proxy_pass)

but just treat it as a Rack application? Or we might want to define
another middleware, say proxy_pass's middleware, which would
be slightly different than the rack ones? If so I think it makes a lot
of sense to have app(:proxy_pass).

Cheers,

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC] proxy_pass: document as public API
  2016-02-20  8:37 ` Lin Jen-Shin (godfat)
@ 2016-02-20  9:41   ` Eric Wong
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Eric Wong @ 2016-02-20  9:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Lin Jen-Shin (godfat); +Cc: yahns-public

"Lin Jen-Shin (godfat)" <godfat@godfat.org> wrote:
> On Sat, Feb 20, 2016 at 4:16 PM, Eric Wong <e@80x24.org> wrote:
> >  Any thoughts?  So far I've resisted having a public API.
> >  On the other hand, the current state of ProxyPass being a
> >  Rack app using rack.hijack still has nasty limitations
> >  such as incompatibility with any existing middleware.
> >  Something simple such as access logs won't work well
> >  (e.g. Rack::CommonLogger or Clogger)
> 
> My first impression was that why not put this in a separate
> gem, say yahns-apps or so? I am not saying we should do
> this, just curious why? Easier to maintain and distribute?

Yes, easier to maintain + distribute since it depends on yahns
internals.

> >  On the other hand, it would be nice to have a mostly-Ruby
> >  alternative to nginx today...
> [...]
> 
> I am even more curious to this. Nginx is pretty accessible already,
> (perhaps not on Windows though?) and it would surely be more
> performant than Ruby. Or is it because we might want to make it
> not only a reverse proxy, extending it with Rack middleware?

I'm not up-to-date with current nginx versions, but proxy output
buffering in nginx could not be lazy when I checked.  It had to
either not buffer at all or buffer entirely (the default) before
writing to the client.

Also, being a Rack app also means an app could migrate
thread-safe endpoints to yahns (running normal Rack directly),
while forwarding non-thread-safe endpoints to unicorn or
whatever else.

nginx has a better chance of working on Windows than yahns :)
I've always been openly against wasting time on non-Free OSes.

> If so, then we probably don't want this directive:
> 
>     app(:proxy_pass)
> 
> but just treat it as a Rack application? Or we might want to define
> another middleware, say proxy_pass's middleware, which would
> be slightly different than the rack ones? If so I think it makes a lot
> of sense to have app(:proxy_pass).

Right, I'm leaning towards leaving it as a Rack app.

If we want to define a new middleware API, it would be a new
ecosystem.  If that were easy, Rack would've done it by now :)

So perhaps it's better to provide some sort of API (like the
(seemingly abandoned) rack_after_reply RubyGem) which
which existing middlewares could be slightly modified to
opt-in to.

Fwiw, I mainly want to use clogger with this for access logs
<http://clogger.bogomips.org/>.  I believe other application
logic should reside in the application server, including
things like Rack::Deflater.

Anyways, I'd prefer to move slowly and cautiously with this
so I'm unlikely to finalize anything before April or even May.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 3+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2016-02-20  8:16 [RFC] proxy_pass: document as public API Eric Wong
2016-02-20  8:37 ` Lin Jen-Shin (godfat)
2016-02-20  9:41   ` Eric Wong

yahns Ruby server user/dev discussion

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://yhbt.net/yahns-public
	git clone --mirror http://ou63pmih66umazou.onion/yahns-public

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroups are available over NNTP:
	nntp://news.public-inbox.org/inbox.comp.lang.ruby.yahns
	nntp://ou63pmih66umazou.onion/inbox.comp.lang.ruby.yahns

 note: .onion URLs require Tor: https://www.torproject.org/

AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/ public-inbox